September 4, 1864
William T. Sherman decided not to pursue the remnants of John Bell Hood's forces south of Atlanta. He issued Special Field Order No. 64, which included a directive that his troops were to receive "a full month's rest, with every chance to organize, receive pay, replenish clothing, and prepare for a fine winter's campaign," according to the Georgia Historical Socitey and Georgia Info, The University of Georgia.
Sherman also issued a special order to the remaining citizens of Atlanta: "The city of Atlanta being exclusively required for warlike purpose will be at once vacated by all except the armies of the United States, and such civilians as may be retained."